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Balfour-deklarationen, 1917

Palæstinamandatet, 1922

FNs generalforsamlings
resolution 181,
1947

FNs sikkerhedsråds
resolution 42,
1948

FNs generalforsamlings
resolution 194,
1948

FNs sikkerhedsråds
resolution 242,
1967

FNs sikkerhedsråds
resolution 338,
1973

FNs sikkerhedsråds
resolution 1701,
2006


Oslo-aftalerne:

Oslo I - Principerklæring,
1993

Gaza-Jeriko-aftalen,
1994

Oslo II -
Midlertidig aftale,
1995

Wye River Memorandum,
1998

Sharm el Sheikh Memorandum,
1999


Andet:

Det arabiske
fredsinitiativ
2002

Køreplanen for fred
2003

 

 

 

 

Det arabiske fredsinitiativ

"Det arabiske fredsinitiativ" er et oplæg til en fredsaftale, fremlagt af Den Araiske Liga (som er en samarbejdsorganisation omfattende alle 22 arabiske stater i Mellemøsten og Nordafrika) på ligaens topmøde i Beirut den 28. april 2002.

Forslagets hovedtræk består i et tilbud om fred mellem Israel og alle de arabiske lande, til gengæld for en total tilbagetrækning fra de områder, som Israel indtog under Seksdageskrigen i juni 1967 samt en "retfærdig" løsning på det palæstinensiske flygtningeproblem, i henhold til FN's generalforsamlings resolution 194.

Nedenfor følger initiativets fulde tekst (på engelsk).


The Arab Peace Initiative
April 28, 2002


The Council of the League of Arab States at the Summit Level, at its 14th Ordinary Session,

· Reaffirms the resolution taken in June 1996 at the Cairo extraordinary Arab summit that a just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East is the strategic option of the Arab countries, to be achieved in accordance with international legality, and which would require a comparable commitment on the part of the Israeli government.

· Having listened to the statement made by his royal highness Prince Abdullah Bin Abdullaziz, the crown prince of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in which his highness presented his initiative, calling for full Israeli withdrawal from all the Arab territories occupied since June 1967, in implementation of Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, reaffirmed by the Madrid Conference of 1991 and the land for peace principle, and Israel's acceptance of an independent Palestinian state, with East Jerusalem as its capital, in return for the establishment of normal relations in the context of a comprehensive peace with Israel.

· Emanating from the conviction of the Arab countries that a military solution to the conflict will not achieve peace or provide security for the parties, the council:

1. Requests Israel to reconsider its policies and declare that a just peace is its strategic option as well.

2. Further calls upon Israel to affirm:

a. Full Israeli withdrawal from all the territories occupied since 1967, including the Syrian Golan Heights to the lines of June 4, 1967 as well as the remaining occupied Lebanese territories in the south of Lebanon.

b. Achievement of a just solution to the Palestinian refugee problem to be agreed upon in accordance with U.N. General Assembly Resolution 194.

c. The acceptance of the establishment of a Sovereign Independent Palestinian State on the Palestinian territories occupied since the 4th of June 1967 in the West Bank and Gaza strip, with east Jerusalem as its capital.

3. Consequently, the Arab countries affirm the following:

a. Consider the Arab-Israeli conflict ended, and enter into a peace agreement with Israel, and provide security for all the states of the region.

b. Establish normal relations with Israel in the context of this comprehensive peace.

4. Assures the rejection of all forms of Palestinian patriation which conflict with the special circumstances of the Arab host countries.

5. Calls upon the government of Israel and all Israelis to accept this initiative in order to safeguard the prospects for peace and stop the further shedding of blood, enabling the Arab Countries and Israel to live in peace and good neighborliness and provide future generations with security, stability, and prosperity.

6. Invites the international community and all countries and organizations to support this initiative.

7. Requests the chairman of the summit to form a special committee composed of some of its concerned member states and the secretary general of the League of Arab States to pursue the necessary contacts to gain support for this initiative at all levels, particularly from the United Nations, the security council, the United States of America, the Russian Federation, the Muslim States and the European Union.


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