"Det arabiske fredsinitiativ"
er et oplæg til en fredsaftale, fremlagt af Den
Araiske Liga (som er en samarbejdsorganisation omfattende
alle 22 arabiske stater i Mellemøsten og Nordafrika)
på ligaens topmøde i Beirut den 28. april
Forslagets hovedtræk består
i et tilbud om fred mellem Israel og alle de arabiske
lande, til gengæld for en total tilbagetrækning
fra de områder, som Israel indtog under Seksdageskrigen
i juni 1967 samt en "retfærdig" løsning
på det palæstinensiske flygtningeproblem,
i henhold til FN's generalforsamlings resolution
Nedenfor følger initiativets fulde
tekst (på engelsk).
The Arab Peace Initiative
April 28, 2002
The Council of the League of Arab States at the Summit
Level, at its 14th Ordinary Session,
· Reaffirms the resolution taken in June 1996
at the Cairo extraordinary Arab summit that a just and
comprehensive peace in the Middle East is the strategic
option of the Arab countries, to be achieved in accordance
with international legality, and which would require
a comparable commitment on the part of the Israeli government.
· Having listened to the statement made by his
royal highness Prince Abdullah Bin Abdullaziz, the crown
prince of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in which his highness
presented his initiative, calling for full Israeli withdrawal
from all the Arab territories occupied since June 1967,
in implementation of Security Council Resolutions 242
and 338, reaffirmed by the Madrid Conference of 1991
and the land for peace principle, and Israel's acceptance
of an independent Palestinian state, with East Jerusalem
as its capital, in return for the establishment of normal
relations in the context of a comprehensive peace with
· Emanating from the conviction of the Arab
countries that a military solution to the conflict will
not achieve peace or provide security for the parties,
1. Requests Israel to reconsider its policies and declare
that a just peace is its strategic option as well.
2. Further calls upon Israel to affirm:
a. Full Israeli withdrawal from all the territories
occupied since 1967, including the Syrian Golan Heights
to the lines of June 4, 1967 as well as the remaining
occupied Lebanese territories in the south of Lebanon.
b. Achievement of a just solution to the Palestinian
refugee problem to be agreed upon in accordance with
U.N. General Assembly Resolution 194.
c. The acceptance of the establishment of a Sovereign
Independent Palestinian State on the Palestinian territories
occupied since the 4th of June 1967 in the West Bank
and Gaza strip, with east Jerusalem as its capital.
3. Consequently, the Arab countries affirm the following:
a. Consider the Arab-Israeli conflict ended, and enter
into a peace agreement with Israel, and provide security
for all the states of the region.
b. Establish normal relations with Israel in the context
of this comprehensive peace.
4. Assures the rejection of all forms of Palestinian
patriation which conflict with the special circumstances
of the Arab host countries.
5. Calls upon the government of Israel and all Israelis
to accept this initiative in order to safeguard the
prospects for peace and stop the further shedding of
blood, enabling the Arab Countries and Israel to live
in peace and good neighborliness and provide future
generations with security, stability, and prosperity.
6. Invites the international community and all countries
and organizations to support this initiative.
7. Requests the chairman of the summit to form a special
committee composed of some of its concerned member states
and the secretary general of the League of Arab States
to pursue the necessary contacts to gain support for
this initiative at all levels, particularly from the
United Nations, the security council, the United States
of America, the Russian Federation, the Muslim States
and the European Union.